Media and readers of my web pages about atomic bombs 1945, Moon trips 1969, M/V Estonia ferry incident 1994 and 911 tower top down terrorist collapses 2001 are warned. You probably suffer from cognitive dissonance and cannot handle my facts without getting mentally disturbed with serious consequences.
My proven data are simple and correct and good news. A-bombs do not work. Humans cannot travel to the Moon, planets or asteroids (this Challenge)! M/V Estonia didn't lose her bow visor. Skyscrapers do not collapse from top down. All information to the contrary is pseudoscience, propaganda lies, Fake News or fantasies promoted by media and taught at universities. If you do not agree with these official lies, you will not be allowed at the university boat race* and other silly events, etc. Your position in society is at risk.
If you suffer from cognitive dissonance, you no doubt find my info and Challenge disturbing and get upset, angry, anxious or worried. What to believe and write? Old lies, Fake News or truth?
Media incl. newspaper chief editors are kindly requested to get psychological assistance to get rid of their cognitive dissonance. Why not cure yourself? And publish the result as a scoop.
*Safety at sea is my business
The Anders Björkman Challenge 2 (since September 2012 - last update 1 January 2021)
The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) was set up by the UN General Assembly back in 1959 to govern the exploration and use of space for the benefit of all humanity: for peace, security and development. The Committee was tasked with reviewing international cooperation in peaceful uses of outer space, studying space-related activities that could be undertaken by the United Nations, encouraging space research programmes, and studying legal problems arising from the exploration of outer space. Nobody in that Committee has ever questioned in more than 60 years, if it is physically possible to explore outer space with a spacecraft! If you ask them, nobody replies. This Committee reports to the United Nations Fourth Committee of the General Assembly, which adopts an annual resolution on international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space. But it seems nobody at the UN is aware about it 2021.
Founded in 1954, the American Astronautical Society has long been recognized (?) for the excellence of its national meetings, technical meetings, symposia and publications and for their impact on shaping the U.S. space program, we are told. Members of the sect have opportunities to meet with leaders in their field and in related disciplines, exchange information and ideas, discuss career aspirations and expand their knowledge and expertise. However, nobody in the American Astronautical Society has 2021 been able to prove if it is physically possible to explore outer space with spacecrafts!
The American Astronomical Society (AAS) is a sect of major professional astronomers in North America since before 1900. The mission of AAS is to enhance and share humanity's scientific understanding of the universe. AAS thought 2018 it was possible to explore the universe with spacecrafts but ... has not been able to prove it 2021.
The International Astronautical Federation (IAF) is the world's leading space advocacy body with over 340 members, including all key space agencies, companies, societies, associations and institutes across 68 countries, I am told. But none of their members have 2021 been able to prove if it is physically possible to explore outer space with a spacecraft!
The International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety is a really funny organization. In 2006 former US Senator John Glenn, first fake American to orbit, became Honorary Member of the IAASS. In 2010 IAASS was granted Observer status at the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Space. But nobody in the association can 2021 explain how to explore space using a spacecraft and how much fuel is required.
According the Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee, also known as the HSF Committee, Augustine Commission or Augustine Committee, human space travel is easy:
The Committee has concluded that, "the ultimate goal of human exploration is to chart a path for human expansion into the solar system." It also observed that "destinations should derive from goals," and "human spaceflight objectives should broadly align with key national objectives." Destinations beyond low Earth orbit that were considered by the Committee include the Moon, Mars, and near-Earth objects as well as the moons of Mars, Phobos and Deimos. Among these, the Committee felt that "Mars stands prominently above all other opportunities for exploration" because "if humans are ever to live for long periods on another planetary surface, it is likely to be on Mars."
The review was commissioned to take into account several objectives but not if human space travel were possible at all. It seems plenty people just believe space travel is easy. But is it?
In order to assist with the latter possibility the Anders Björkman Challenge 2 is to
first describe the itineraries to complete a manned Moon return trip, a manned planet Mars return trip and an unmanned return trip to any asteroid from being ejected into space from orbit around Earth towards the Moon, Mars and/or asteroid, incl. departure dates Earth, arrival/departure dates Moon/Mars/asteroid and arrival dates Earth with due regard to the fact that the Moon orbits Earth, while Earth and Mars and asteroids orbit the Sun, i.e. three different trips must be described: One to the Moon. One to planet Mars. One to any asteroid. Some ideas about the difficulties of any spacecraft traveling between moving heavenly bodies are given here. Please inform various speeds (it is redused all the time) at departure and during trips. Then to
second calculate using basic astrophysical principles of space navigation and travel the amount of fuel (kg) (or energy (J)) required by external combustion chambers (also known as rocket engines), and to
third describe the spacecrafts incl. their masses before/after the various manoeuvers of the trips, i.e. orbit changes, any heat shield(s), if fitted for landings, the engines and fuel tanks that can carry the amount of fuel using 1960 or 2020 technology, the accommodation and gear for the persons aboard, and to
finally/fourth show that it is actually feasible to do the trips.
Please do not present dreams, fake photos and fantasies.
Safety at sea is my business, so I know a little about ships, sex and sea. A luxury cruise in the West Indies was my preferred style of travel before a virus stopped the fun. Good food! Plenty sex. Champagne for breakfast, lobster for lunch and caviar in the evening. Walking the decks in the evening, kissing in the Moon light, swimming in the aft end pool at midnight, dancing all night long and making love after breakfast. Space travel? Being locked up inside a tin can space ship for weeks with no shower, sex, swimming in water, etc. Sounds crazy. No fun at all!
But the little Moon trip is easy, if you believe in pseudoscience. Example:
Chang'e 5 was launched on 23 November 2020 at 20:30 UTC from Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site on Hainan Island and landed on the Moon on 1 December 2020, followed by returning to Earth with lunar samples on 16 December 2020, at 17:59 UTC. Everything was automatic!
It was China's first (fake) sample-return mission and the first (fake) lunar sample-return mission since the Soviet Union's Luna 24 in 1976. Everything was automatic!
On 28 November 2020 at 12:58 UTC, the probe in Earth orbit automatically fired its engine at the right location and direction for 17 minutes and braked into a new orbit around the Moon at an altitude of 400 km.
On the morning of 30 November 2020, the lander, with the ascender, automatically separated from the lunar orbiter in preparation for landing. The lander and ascender automatically landed on the Moon on 1 December 2020 at 15:11 UTC. Then samples of Moon soil was automatically collected.
On 3 December 2020, the Chang'e 5 ascender automatically lifted off from Oceanus Procellarum at 15:10 UTC and, six minutes later, achieved lunar orbit. The ascender then automatically docked with the orbiter-returner combination in lunar orbit on 5 December 2020 at 21:42 UTC, and the samples were automatically transferred to the return capsule at 22:12 UTC.
Undocking of the ascender from the orbiter-returner combination took automatically place on 6 December 2020 at 04:35 UTC. After completing its role in the mission, the ascender was automatically commanded to de-orbit on 7 December 2020, at 22:59 UTC, and crashed into the Moon's surface at 23:30 UTC, in the area of (~30°S, 0°E)!!! Imagine that. Crashing on the Moon!
For six days Chang'e
5 orbiter and returner orbited the Moon.
However, on 13
December 2020 at 01:51 UTC, from a distance of
230 kilometers from the lunar surface, the orbiter
and returner successfully and automatically fired
four engines to enter the moon-Earth Hohmann
transfer orbit to drop down on Earth. Imagine that.
Four engines! On 16 December
2020 at around 18:00 UTC, the roughly
300-kilogram return capsule automatically performed
a ballistic skip reentry, in effect bouncing off
the atmosphere over the Arabian Sea before
re-entry. The capsule, containing around 2
kilograms of drilled and scooped lunar material,
automatically landed in the grasslands of Siziwang
(Dorbod) Banner in the Ulanqab region of south
central Inner Mongolia. Recovery vehicles located
the capsule shortly afterwards between two
However, on 13 December 2020 at 01:51 UTC, from a distance of 230 kilometers from the lunar surface, the orbiter and returner successfully and automatically fired four engines to enter the moon-Earth Hohmann transfer orbit to drop down on Earth. Imagine that. Four engines!
On 16 December 2020 at around 18:00 UTC, the roughly 300-kilogram return capsule automatically performed a ballistic skip reentry, in effect bouncing off the atmosphere over the Arabian Sea before re-entry. The capsule, containing around 2 kilograms of drilled and scooped lunar material, automatically landed in the grasslands of Siziwang (Dorbod) Banner in the Ulanqab region of south central Inner Mongolia. Recovery vehicles located the capsule shortly afterwards between two flags!
Back to reality.
The Moon is always at an almost fixed distance from Earth and should be easy to visit. Just copy paste or duplicate the 1969 NASA Apollo 11 trip but using 2020 technology. The trip in various orbits takes say a week and involves plenty orbit changes and two landings. If you believe NASA.
I like the idea to carry the return trip rocket on the roof of the Moon lander spacecraft for easy return back home. Don't forget the toilet if it is manned!
The Mars trips should also be easy, even if Mars is sometimes very far away from Earth and sometimes very close to Earth, i.e. the distance varies. SpaceX CEO Lone Skum has all details on his drawing board. I am very curious to know how to keep the crew motivated during the long trip being locked up inside a spacecraft and a habitat for years. I am also curious about the itinary - do you take the shortest, straitest, fastest route, when Earth is closest to Mars, or a long, strange, variable speeds/directions banana shaped route around the Sun?
The asteroid trip should be fun. But do asteroids exist?
All governments in the world tell their citizens that you have to apply a force at departure into a modified Earth orbit, other force(s) to orbit and land on Moon/Mars/asteroid and finally apply more force(s) to depart Moon/Mars/asteroid at the right dates, locations and times and then simply drop back on Earth. But to produce forces you need fuel. Part of the Challenge is to establish if you can carry the fuel with you. Sounds simple, doesn't it? And forget the sex! And the champagne! And the caviar! It is not provided during the space trips, even if it should.
There is December 2020 a Japanese Challenger - Hakuto-R !! Going to the Moon is easy according to them. You take off from Earth and start orbiting Earth a couple of days. Then you leave this orbit and start orbiting the Moon a couple of times. Then you de-orbit the Moon, brake, descend, land and deploy a rover on the Moon. Magic! You just jump from one orbit to another. It is magic!
How you intend to return to Earth is not clear = Hakuto-R is another loser.
An application to collect my €1M should include
1. Description of spacecraft/mass (kg) without fuel.
2. Mass (kg)/speed (m/s)/altitude (m) of spacecraft with fuel in a suitable parking orbit of Earth (ready to go) and how it got there!
To travel in space you need fuel. And that fuel comes from Earth. The first little part Challenge is to establish how you get the fuel with you!
3. Location/time/date/direction leaving Earth parking orbit and force (N) applied/duration (s) of force applied and fuel used (kg) for the initial trans-location X- injection.
Maybe a slow Hohmann transfer is used but any trajectory to proceed to location X is permitted. Location X is where the influence of Moon/Mars/asteroid gravity equals Earth gravity in space. Ensure that the escape velocity from Earth is correct so you can arrive at location X.
4. Mass (kg)/speed (m/s)/direction of spacecraft/fuel after leaving orbit Earth and after cutting off the force heading for location X in space, and on to landing on Moon/ Mars/asteroid + calculations of location X.
Or simply - how much fuel (kg) is required to leave orbit Earth going to Moon/Mars/asteroid?
5. Location/time/date/velocity (m/s)/direction at arrival location X.
6. Mass (kg) at arrival location X.
7. Location/time/date/direction leaving trajectory to X/Moon/Mars/asteroid and force(s) (N) applied/duration (s) of force(s) applied to enter orbit/land on Moon/Mars, fuel (kg) used for and time of landing.
This is critical. You have initially been orbiting Earth but now you intend to orbit Moon/Mars/asteroid before landing. Do you have the fuel for it? Part of the spacecraft/fuel may of course be left in orbit Moon/Mars/asteroid and you just take a small landing spacecraft to land/piss/grab a sample on the Moon/Mars/asteroid. It is your choice.
If you manage to do 3-7 correctly you have left one orbit around Earth for another orbit around Moon or Mars or asteroid and then left the latter orbit to land. An orbit is the path followed by one heavenly body, e.g. a planet, a moon or an artificial spacecraft around another planet, moon or Sun without any power used. If the orbit is circular, the local orbital tangential velocity (m/s), the change of direction (°/s) and the gravity (inwards) and centrifugal (outwards) forces (N) are constant and in balance. If the orbit is elliptical, which is the normal case, the orbital, tangential speed, change of direction and gravity/centrifugal forces are variable and greater, when the distance between the bodies is smaller, but they are always in balance. The position/tangential speed/change of direction of a body in orbit can be determined. It appears that space travel is simply to move from one orbit to another orbit and to/from the heavenly bodies being orbited ... and your task is to show how you do it! And it is simple - at the right time/location in EPO you fire your rocket/apply your force so that your spacecraft arrives at the Moon or Mars or asteroid without further forces applied.
8. Mass (kg) of spacecraft/fuel on solid Moon/Mars/asteroid.
9. Force (N) applied/duration (s) of force applied, fuel used (kg) for departure and time/date of departure Moon/Mars/asteroid.
Explain also in detail how you can land anywhere and then just blast off from where you were to get back in space!
10. Mass (kg)/speed (m/s)/direction of spacecraft/fuel after departure Moon/Mars/asteroid heading for location X in space and on to Earth + calculations. Fuel used (kg).
11. Location/time/date/velocity (m/s)/direction at location X.
12. Trajectories - locations/times in space at regular intervals to/from Moon/Mars/asteroid to confirm that you are heading in the right directions.
13. Mass (kg)/speed (m/s)/direction, time/date of spacecraft just prior re-entry Earth.
14. Trajectory/velocity of re-entry, incl. times, start location (position/altitude), directions in 3D, altitudes, velocities in 3D every minute from start to end (parachutes deployed). Note: Arriving from the Moon means that you drop free fall onto Earth for a couple of days and arrival speed at top of atmosphere for re-entry will be >11 000 m/s. Arriving from planet Mars or any asteroid means that you drop free fall onto Earth for a couple of weeks or more and arrival speed at top of atmosphere for re-entry will be >21 000 m/s. The re-entry brake system must be 3.65 times stronger returning from Mars or an asteroid than from the Moon. A Mars re-entry may look like, if you are an optimist.
Alternatively you will crash or you will miss Earth completely. Re-entry at >21 000 m/s velocity is not easy.
15. Landing (details).
Manoeuvres to leave/enter orbits and to land/depart, forces applied and their directions and durations must be explained in detail incl. locations/times, etc. Costs need not be considered. Just calculate the trajectories, the forces (N) applied and the fuel (kg) used. Ensure that you can carry the fuel with you from the beginning and that you do not get too heavy. Ensure also that you can really do a re-entry and establish the re-entry trajectory beforehand.
16. Miscellaneous Make a short description of the accommdation, sanitary and safety facilities, restaurants, lectures and entertainment aboard your spacecraft to keep the officers, crew and passengers happy during the trip, etc. Maybe external space walks cheer up the passengers?
History of human
spaceflight The space environment
and its effects on the human body in
space Microgravity research in
drop towers, parabolic flights, rockets &
spacecraft Astronaut selection and
training Life support systems and
space suits Exploration of the solar
system Human space
exploration She and none of
her students have managed to win my
Challenge though! Call her +4698079187 and
History of human spaceflight
The space environment and its effects on the human body in space
Microgravity research in drop towers, parabolic flights, rockets & spacecraft
Astronaut selection and training
Life support systems and space suits
Exploration of the solar system
Human space exploration
She and none of her students have managed to win my Challenge though! Call her +4698079187 and ask why!
Carol Norberg works for the Swedish Institute of Space Physics (Institutet för rymdfysik, IRF), a Swedish government agency at Box 812, SE-981 28 Kiruna, Sweden. The IRF was founded in 1957, when everyone believed in manned spaceflight and the first Kiruna-designed satellite experiment was launched in 1968. It was a failure, like most things IRF does since 50 years.
IRF has participate in several, 100% fake, international satellite projects. IRF, e.g. had instruments (!) on board the following faked-up spacecraft projects:
Cassini (launched 1997 that crashed 15 September 2017) was a combined NASA/ESA (European Space Agency) mission. It never left Earth but IRF played along during 20 years supporting the hoax. Carol Norberg cannot explain how it left Earth.
Mars Express (2003) was a faked up ESA mission to study Mars. It too never left Earth and Carol Norberg cannot explain how it was sent from Earth to orbit planet Mars.
Rosetta (2004) was one of ESA's cornerstone projects studying comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko since 2014. It was pure fantasy during many years. Ask Carol Norberg about it.
Venus Express (2005) was an ESA satellite to study Venus and completed its mission in December 2014 ... if you believe in Father Christmas. Carol Norberg cannot explain how it left Earth and arrived at Venus. Etc, etc.
IFR and Carol have managed to fool their principals (Swedish taxpayers) since more than 50 years.
John Olson, director of NASA's Exploration Systems Mission Directorate Integration Office said 2009 that it is easy to go to the Moon for a sustained human presence in space. It will be done 2020! Ask him to help you win my Challenge 2.
The difficulties to get to Mars is explained by some silly science fiction writers here. Note that "with launch costs currently as high as $20 million per ton, boosting a Mars spacecraft would be prohibitively expensive", i.e. it is not possible at all. There are no way to get the spacecraft off the ground. But do not worry. Assume that you are off the ground and in orbit when starting your Challenge 2 trips.
October 2015, NAXA is also much more optimistic:
NASA is leading our nation and our world on a journey to Mars. Like the Apollo Program, we embark on this journey for all humanity. Unlike Apollo, we will be going to stay. This is a historic pioneering endeavor. A journey made possible by a sustained effort of science and exploration missions beyond low Earth orbit with successively more capable technologies and partnerships. ...
Imagine that it is possible to return from Mars in a couple of days using solar electric propulsion! The re-entry difficulty is solved!!!
Engineers from NAXA, JPLx, EXA, Harvard, MIT Axtronautics department (!) and Skolkovo Institute of Sxience and Technology are thus encouraged to participate in this Anders Björkman Challenge 2 how to travel to the Moon, Mars and an asteroid.
British professor Brian Cox, OBE, has failed this Challenge and got very upset!
Tips about the matter and many difficulties are found at the Anders Björkman Moon/Mars Travel website. Any real description of a spacecraft that can accomplish a manned Moon and planet Mars return trip is part of winning my €1 000 000:- cheque!
It seems however that all manned space trips so far are ... silly jokes or hoaxes ... in disguise of national security. Do not blame me for it. I just organize this Challenge.
How to just land on any planet with atmosphere is described at document Returning from Space: Re-entry, i.e. instead of using a rocket engine/combustion chamber/fuel to brake required for a Moon landing, you use a little heat shield, friction and turbulent drag at small angle of entry to reduce mostly horizontal velocity, while gravity pulls you closer to ground at increasing vertical velocity. Try to use that info to explain your Mars/Earth landing 2018.
Dr. Buzz Aldrin - famous cosmo clown from the 1960's and author of best selling 1963 thesis "Line-of-sight guidance techniques for manned orbital rendezvous" - is still around. Buy him a drink and ask him how he managed to get to the Moon and back. Good luck!
The first person calculating the amount of fuel required to complete human space trips to the Moon, Mars and an asteroid and the forces required, describing the space craft and the re-entry wins € 1.000.000:-.
Terrorists, Holocaust or Holodomor deniers and people having seen and flown in Flying Saucers and UFOs of all kind are also welcome to participate in order to confirm their actions/ideas/services!
Send your entry (detailed calculations of fuel and descriptions of space craft and re-entry) to Anders Björkman, 6 rue Victor Hugo, F 06 240 Beausoleil, France, firstname.lastname@example.org
Money is evidently available at the bank. The award will be paid by bank transfer.
Any legal disputes will be handled in France. I cannot visit USA today as I am punished by death there (in absentia) having revealed military secrets of no value. It is not funny being punished by death.